Wayland's Smithy is a Neolithic long barrow and chamber tomb site located near the Uffington White Horse and Uffington Castle, at Ashbury in Oxfordshire. The later stone tomb consists of four chambers in which arrangement gives the burial area a cruciform appearance in plan. It is classified by archaeologists as one of the Severn-Cotswold tombs.
Stone Circles, burial sites and other ancient structures.
The Uffington White Horse is a highly stylised prehistoric hill figure, 374 feet (110 m) long, formed from deep trenches filled with crushed white chalk. The figure is situated on the upper slopes of White Horse Hill in the English civil parish of Uffington (in the county of Oxfordshire, historically Berkshire), some five miles south of the town of Faringdon and a similar distance west of the town of Wantage. The hill forms a part of the scarp of the Berkshire Downs and overlooks the Vale of White Horse to the north.
The Ridgeway is an ancient trackway described as Britain's oldest road. At 85 miles (137 km), the route follows the chalk hills between Overton Hill, near Avebury, and Ivinghoe Beacon in Buckinghamshire and represents part of a route in use since Neolithic times. Specifically, the Ridgeway hugs the ridge tops of open downland west of the Goring Gap and the tree-covered Chiltern Hills east of the River Thames, thus avoiding once-difficult woods and marshes in the valleys below. It is just one of many ridgeways formerly used in western Europe.
Silbury Hill is the largest man-made mound in Europe and compares in height and volume to the roughly contemporary Egyptian pyramids. Probably completed in around 2400 BC, it apparently contains no burial. Though clearly important in itself, its purpose and significance remain unknown. There is no access to the hill itself, but is well worth a look-see as it is part of the Avebury Complex.
Avebury is the site of an ancient monument consisting of a large henge, several stone circles, stone avenues and barrows, surrounding the village of Avebury in the English county of Wiltshire. It is one of the finest and largest Neolithic monuments in Europe, about 5,000 years old. Although older than the megalithic stages of Stonehenge 32 kilometres (20 mi) to the south, the two monuments are broadly contemporary overall. Avebury is roughly midway between the towns of Marlborough and Calne, just off the main A4 road on the northbound A4361 towards Wroughton.
Stonehenge is the most famous UK prehistoric monument and is located in the English county of Wiltshire, about 3.2 kilometres (2.0 mi) west of Amesbury and 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) north of Salisbury. One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones. It is at the centre of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds.
West Kennet Long barrow is a neolithic (aka: new stone age) barrow (or burial tomb) very close to both Silbury Hill and Avebury. The interior contains symmetric chambers and it is thought that it was the burial place of at least 46 people. Many artefacts and bones have been removed over the centuries. Archaeologists have determined that construction began 3-400 years before Stonehenge.
Of course the site is inevitably known to be haunted.
Previously privately owned, the Rollright Stones are a well-preserved megalithic stone circle near Chipping Norton. It is the exposure of these limestone boulders that has caused them to be weather-eroded into their unusual and often 'organic' looking shapes.
The stones are thought to date from 2000BC and the circle (the kings men) consists of 77 stones. Originally, it is said to have been made of over 100 stones. Many of these were removed and some have been replaced during refurbishment. The circle is over 30 meters in diameter and sits on a raised earth bank.