Hartpury Eventing and Horse Trials
Eventing receives its roots from the military and during its first years the sport was so aptly named "The Militaire". Eventing was first introduced at the Olympic Games in Stockholm, Sweden in 1912. The purpose of the sport was to test the precision, elegance, and obedience of the army horse on the parade ground; the stamina and courage of the horse in battle; and finally proving the fitness of the horse after the previous difficulties. At first only Army officers on military chargers could compete in the sport but by 1924 at the Paris Olympics civilians were allowed to compete.
The Paris Olympics in 1924 saw Eventing similar to its structure today with a Dressage Test on the first day; the Endurance Test on the second day which included phases A (roads and tracks), B (steeplechase), C (longer roads and tracks), D (cross country) as well as a phase E that was a 1 ¼ mile flat run after cross country. The third day of the event was the Show Jumping Test which again was meant to test the fitness of the horse specifically after the Endurance Test. Today our modern sport has reduced the Endurance Test and we now only have Phase D, the cross country on the second day.